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Caves of Iran

Caves of Iran

Deep into the rocks, feel the peak of excitement!

Do you have any idea about how exotic are the caves of Iran, do you know where the longest cave of Iran is, are you interested to know more about caving in Iran? Stay with us to know more about the 10 most incredible caves of Iran. our conception of caves is often a dark, mysterious space that we received from those adventurous movies. obviously, trekking through these natural rocky corridors can be a truly exciting experience especially for the tourists who are interested in Iran adventure tour. walking into this wonderful tunnels lead us into a sense of curiosity and excitement. Caves of Iran are one of the most exciting areas to be found in any part of the country. Of all the caves in Iran, in this article, we present 10 of them. Join us to take a deep journey to the centre of the Earth.

  • Katale Khor cave

Katale Khor cave located 165 kilometres south of Zanjan, off the Soltaniye-Hamadan road. It is one of the most famous caves in Iran. it was first discovered by a mountaineering group in 1952. Katale Khor is one of the oldest and largest caves in Iran, rated as the best in western Iran. The word ‘’Katele Khor’’, comes from the local term Katale, means small mount and Khor derived from the word ‘’Khorshid’’, which means Sun, then the whole word Katale Khor means a mount facing the sun. It seems that it is a 7-level cave but only 3 of them is fully discovered. So, 4 km of the cave is available for trained cavers and 3 km for public visitors. The cave was the residence of ancient people for many years and a lot of archaeological data discovered from it.

  • Chama Ice Cave

Chama Ice Cave is one of the extraordinary cave in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province, Iran. To reach the Ice Cave of Chama you have to travel 25 kilometres from the city of Chelgerd. The cave is named after the nomadic word “Chi Ma”. The Chama Ice Cave lies in the cold valley of Chama, near a spring of fresh water. When you enter this cave, even in the hot summer, you will be amazed by a large number of ice boulders. The accumulation of snow has left the area permanently frozen. Sometimes the snow in this area can reach up to 50 meters. Beneath the ice, there is a clear stream that leads to the Kouhrang Dam. Walking in this cave requires safety equipment and supplies.

  • Alisadr Cave Hamedan

Alisadr Cave in Hamadan is one of the most famous caves in Iran where almost all of us have either travelled there or watched its documentary programme. This is a massive river-cave system; its formation goes back to the Jurassic period. It’s possible to traverse darkened caverns by paddle boat and take a short walk across subterranean islands. Because of this opportunity for Iran ecotourism, the cave becomes one of the popular tourist attractions in western Iran.

 is pretty special. Treat it as a cultural experience as well as a scenic one. A tour takes 45 to 90 minutes. Avoid (crowded) weekends and tip your guide. The water from these rivers comes from underground springs that originate from the wall and roof of the cave. In some areas of the cave, the water depth reaches 14 meters. It is good to know that there is no toxic gas in it and the temperature of this cave is 2 ° C all year round so, during the summer its cooler than outside but in winter warmer.

  • Sahulan Cave

One of the most mysterious caves in Iran is Sahulan in West Azarbaijan province. This cave is located 43 km southeast of Mahabad towards Bukan, becoming the popular spot for Iran adventure tour or Iran ecotourism. Sahulan in Kurdish means ice, but locals call it the pigeon’s nest. Saholan is Iran’s second-largest river-cave after Alisadr. The cave has two openings and there are marvellous stalactites and stalagmites, which must place this cave amongst the most beautiful in the world. The temperature inside the cave is between 1 and 2 degrees Celsius. It’s possible to visit some part of the cave on boats, but for professional caving in this cave, you need official permission, qualified guide and enough facilities.

  • Ayoub Kerman Cave

Ayoub Cave is one of the tourist attractions in Shahr-e Babak, Kerman province. It is the largest lava cave in Iran. The water beneath the lava after the collapse and explosion caused the cave to form. It is interesting to know the Ayoub cave entrance is one of its unique features. The entrance is 80 meters high and 60 meters wide. Based on some archaeological surveys cultural date back to the Parthian period were found in the cave.

  • Rudafshan Cave

Rudafshan Cave is a cave in Tehran province. If you move from Firoozkooh to Tehran, the village of Seyedabad and the village of Rudafshan are on your way. An interesting feature of the Rudafshan Cave is its large 20 meters high entrance. Unless there are streaks of lime in the heart of the mountains, caves cannot be created in these mountains. Million years ago, the cave was formed by the movement and erosion caused by the Deli Chay river.

Karafto caves

Karafto caves is an ensemble of artificially cut rock chambers with a Mithraism inspiration, dated to the 4th or 3rd century BC, 70 km north of Divandareh, Kurdistan Province.  The site is of considerable importance because of its Greek inscription dates back to the Seleucid and Parthian era in Persia. The site assumed as the popular spot in western Iran for both historical tourism and ecotourism in Iran.

Qoori Qale cave

Qoori Qale cave is the longest water-cave in Asia. The cave, with a 65 million years old history, is located in Kermanshah province near a Sasanian castle, which was named after this structure as Qoori Qale. The temperature range inside the cave is between 7-11 ° C.

  • Khofash Cave

The Khofash Cave is a relatively small cave near the hot-springs of Dehloran, Elam province of Iran.  Khofash means Bat in Persian so it has attracted the attention because of the existence of millions of bats in it. At sunset, a large group of bats emerge from the cave, which can be a unique scene to see.

  • Shapur Cave

Shapur Cave is located in Kazeroon, Fars Province, about 6 km from the ancient city of Bishapur in the south of Iran. This cave recognized as a historical and natural attraction of Iran. the site is of considerable importance because of the Colossal Statue of Shapur I‌ (240–272 AD) stands at the entrance of it, it is a limestone statue was chiselled from a huge stalagmite grown in situ, considered as one of the greatest sculptors in the ancient Near East.

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