The UNESCO registered city of Yazd is the capital of Yazd province in central Iran. The city covers an area of 180 square kilometres. This city is a part of the central desert of Iran with an arid and warm climate. However, due to its mineral resources and industrial capacity, it has become one of the most migrant cities in Iran. Yazd, located in the heart of Iran, is a crossroads that connects important areas of the North, South, East, and West; hence it has always been one of the most important historical areas. The city was also the most important centre of Zoroastrianism after the arrival of Islam in Iran, and much of its prosperity flourished during Yazd’s Atabaks (1328-1142). Originality, safety, valuable historical architecture, lively old town, and many other reasons have introduced Yazd’s as a symbol of human adaptation to overcome natural issues living in the deserts. So that the city was registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2017.
Yazd is the land of perseverance and knowledge. All of these historical public monuments such as Qanats (aqueducts), mosques, fire temples, schools and Persian gardens in the heart of the desert show the continuous hard work, patience, and determination of the people of this land. The rich history and culture have made the city a great place for tourism developments, as it is nowadays considered as one of the most developing tourism and travel areas in Iran which annually, attracts large groups of foreign and domestic tourists. Yazd’s Architecture, handicrafts, carpets, confectionery, steel and tile industries are among the most important attractions for cultural and commercial tourism. Due to its good health service and facilities, Yazd has been known as the potential city of Iran in Health and medical tourism. Tourist resorts such as hotels and the possibility of air, rail and land transportation made the city an accessible and comfortable destination. All of these factors motivate tourism activists and hospitable and warm people of Yazd to continue their efforts to achieve the goals of Yazd tourism development.